Document Type: Research paper

Authors

Economic Cost, Poor Sanitation, Safe Drinking Water

Abstract

The Fulani tribe of Northern Nigeria brought Schistosomiasis with them during their migration from the Upper Nile Basin. Formerly, Schistosomiasis was not paid attention in the studied area for two reasons. Firstly, Schistosomiasis was restricting to rural communities where hygiene is inadequate, poverty prevails and malnutrition and infection with other parasites are common. Secondly, Schistosomiasis is known common between school aged children so that the disease remains soundless or sans asymptomatic long-term. The world Health organization (WHO) regards the disease as neglected tropical diseases; with an estimated 732 million people, being vulnerable to infection worldwide on renowned transmission areas reported that immunodiagnostic method is most effective. Hence, the present study aims to control the disease by eradicating the intermediate host and the use of Praziquantel and chemotherapy application. For this purpose, 100 urine samples were collected into clean universal containers (9:30 to 10:30 am) based Cheesbrough method. Results showed that the prevalence of urinary Schistosomiasis was highest in the age group of 12-13 years. This may be since children in this age bracket were frequently involved in activities that bring them in contact with the sources of infection such as contact with intermediate host snails, bathing in contaminated water among others.

Highlights

  • Impact of poor water and sanitation on household economy was investigated.
  • Qualitative and quantitative approaches were used to assess the impact of poor water and sanitation on households economy.
  • People have not access to proper sanitation facilities in most of the rural settlements .
  • The diseases ratio was very high because of poor water and sanitation condition.
  • Unawareness of WATSAN related diseases affect adversely on household economy by hospitalization, transportation and medical costs.